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Bristol Stool Chart Type 2

Our digestive health is influenced by various factors, and one important aspect to consider is the appearance and consistency of our stool. The Bristol Stool Chart is a widely used tool that categorizes stool into different types based on their characteristics.

Type 2 stool, the second category on the chart, is characterized by its lumpy and sausage-like shape. While it may not be the most glamorous topic, understanding the features of Type 2 stool can provide insights into our digestive function and overall well-being.

In this article, we will delve into the characteristics, potential causes, and implications of Type 2 stool, equipping you with the knowledge to better understand your digestive health and take appropriate steps for optimal well-being.

Bristol Stool Chart Type 2

Type 2 Stool: Sausage-shaped, but Lumpy

Type 2 stool on the Bristol Stool Chart is often described as sausage-shaped but accompanied by lumps. It falls on the firmer side of the spectrum, indicating a slower transit time through the digestive system compared to softer stool types. Understanding the unique characteristics of Type 2 stool can provide valuable insights into your digestive health.

Example Images of Type 2 Stool

Hover over with a mouse or tap with your finger on the image to un-blur it. Keep reading for more Type 2 Stool examples.

Appearance of Type 2 Stool

When you observe Type 2 stool, you will notice that it resembles a sausage or snake-like shape. However, instead of a smooth texture, it is accompanied by visible lumps. The stool may be segmented or have distinct breaks throughout its length.

The lumps within the stool indicate that it may have spent a longer time in the colon, allowing for increased water absorption. This can result in a firmer consistency and make the stool more difficult to pass.

Consistency of Type 2 Stool

Type 2 stool is generally firmer than ideal, indicating a mild case of constipation. While it may not be as hard and dry as Type 1 stool, it still lacks the desired softness and smoothness. You may experience some difficulty passing this stool, but it is typically not as straining as Type 1 stool.

Causes and Implications of Type 2 Stool

While Type 2 stool is not considered ideal, it is still within the range of normal stool types. However, frequent occurrences of Type 2 stool may indicate a need to address certain aspects of your diet and lifestyle to promote healthier bowel movements.

Several factors can contribute to the formation of Type 2 stool.

Inadequate Fiber Intake

Insufficient consumption of dietary fiber can lead to Type 2 stool. Fiber plays a crucial role in adding bulk to the stool and promoting regular bowel movements. When your diet lacks fiber-rich foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes, it can result in less cohesive stool, characterized by lumps.


Inadequate hydration can contribute to the firmness of Type 2 stool. When the body lacks sufficient water, the colon absorbs more water from the stool, leading to a drier and harder consistency.

Slow Transit Time

Type 2 stool may occur when the transit time of stool through the digestive tract is relatively slow. Slower movement allows more water to be absorbed, resulting in firmer stools.

Food Intolerance

Food intolerance happens when a person has difficulty digesting a particular food or food group. While it is not life threatening, it can significantly affect a person’s quality of life. A food intolerance is sometimes referred to as food sensitivity, these two terms are used inter-changeably. 

It is estimated around 20% of the world population has a food intolerance. It is very common and seems to be on the rise. 

Learn more about different types of food intolerance here.

More Example Images of Type 2 Stool

Hover over with a mouse or tap with your finger on the image to un-blur it. Keep reading for more Type 2 Stool examples.

How to Address Type 2 Stool

If you frequently experience Type 2 stool, it is important to address the underlying causes and promote healthier bowel movements.

Working with your doctor, here are some ways to address Type 2 stool.

Increase Fiber Intake

Incorporate fiber-rich foods into your diet to add bulk and softness to your stool. Include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts in your meals. Gradually increase fiber intake to avoid digestive discomfort and aim for the recommended daily intake of 25-30 grams for adults.

Fruits and vegetables, such as apples, bananas, berries, broccoli, and leafy greens, are excellent sources of dietary fiber. Adding them to your meals and snacks can help increase your overall fiber intake. Whole grains, including oats, brown rice, quinoa, and whole wheat bread, are also rich in fiber and can be included in your diet.

fiber-rich food

Legumes, such as lentils, chickpeas, and beans, are not only a great source of plant-based protein but also high in fiber. Incorporating them into your meals, whether in salads, soups, or main dishes, can help boost your fiber intake. Additionally, nuts like almonds, walnuts, and pistachios provide both fiber and healthy fats.

When increasing fiber intake, it’s important to do so gradually and drink plenty of water to avoid digestive discomfort. Fiber absorbs water in the digestive tract, adding bulk to the stool and promoting regular bowel movements. Aim for the recommended daily intake of 25-30 grams of fiber for adults.

By incorporating fiber-rich foods into your diet, you can add bulk and softness to your stool, promoting healthier bowel movements and helping to alleviate Type 2 stool. However, if you have concerns or if Type 2 stool persists despite dietary adjustments, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional for further evaluation and guidance tailored to your specific needs.

Hydrate Sufficiently

Drink an adequate amount of water throughout the day to maintain proper hydration. Water helps to keep the body and digestive system properly lubricated, making it easier for the stool to pass through the intestines. It also helps to soften the stool, making it less likely to be dry and hard.

The recommended daily water intake varies depending on factors such as age, activity level, and overall health. As a general guideline, aim to drink at least eight glasses of water per day, which is equivalent to about 2 liters or half a gallon. However, individual needs may vary, so it’s important to listen to your body’s thirst cues and adjust your water intake accordingly.

In addition to plain water, you can also increase your fluid intake through other sources such as herbal teas, infused water, and fresh fruit juices. However, it’s important to be mindful of the sugar content in certain beverages, particularly fruit juices and sweetened drinks. Opting for water as the primary source of hydration is the best choice for maintaining overall health and proper stool consistency.

tea to avoid having Bristol Stool Chart Type 2
If you find it challenging to drink enough water throughout the day, here are some tips to help you stay hydrated:
  • Carry a reusable water bottle with you wherever you go, making it easily accessible and a visual reminder to drink water.
  • Set reminders or create a drinking schedule to ensure you’re consuming water consistently throughout the day.
  • Spice up your water by adding a slice of lemon, lime, cucumber, or fresh herbs for added flavor and enjoyment.
  • Eat hydrating foods such as watermelon, cucumbers, oranges, and lettuce, as they contain high water content and contribute to overall hydration.

Listen to your body’s thirst signals and drink water whenever you feel thirsty. It’s important not to ignore your body’s natural cues for hydration.

By maintaining proper hydration through adequate water intake, you can help soften the stool and promote smoother bowel movements. Remember that staying hydrated is not only important for your digestive health but also for your overall well-being.

Physical Activity

Engage in regular physical activity to stimulate bowel motility and encourage healthy digestion.

Exercise has a direct impact on the muscles in the digestive system and can help maintain proper bowel function and prevent constipation. It promotes the rhythmic contractions of the intestines, known as peristalsis, which propel food waste through the digestive tract. These contractions help to move stool along, preventing it from becoming stagnant and leading to constipation.

Different forms of exercise can be effective in stimulating bowel motility. Both aerobic exercises, such as brisk walking, jogging, cycling, swimming, and dancing, as well as strength-training exercises, like weightlifting or bodyweight exercises, can contribute to maintaining proper bowel function.

exercise to avoid Bristol Stool Chart Type 2

Aerobic exercises increase heart rate and breathing, which in turn helps to stimulate the muscles of the gastrointestinal tract. This stimulation promotes more efficient movement of food waste through the intestines and encourages regular bowel movements.

Strength-training exercises, on the other hand, can improve overall muscle tone, including the muscles of the abdomen. Strong abdominal muscles support healthy digestion by providing stability and promoting proper muscle contractions in the digestive system.

It’s important to note that even low-impact exercises, such as yoga or gentle stretching, can have a positive impact on bowel motility. These exercises help to reduce stress levels, which can also influence bowel function. High levels of stress and anxiety can contribute to constipation and other digestive issues, so engaging in activities that help you relax and unwind can have a beneficial effect on your digestion.

When incorporating exercise into your routine, aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week. Start gradually if you’re new to exercise and gradually increase the intensity and duration over time. Remember to listen to your body and choose activities that you enjoy and feel comfortable with.

In addition to the physical benefits, regular exercise can also help manage weight, reduce stress, and improve overall well-being. However, it’s important to note that if you have any underlying health conditions or concerns, it’s always advisable to consult with your healthcare professional before starting a new exercise program.

By engaging in regular physical activity, you can stimulate bowel motility, encourage healthy digestion, and prevent constipation. Remember to find activities that you enjoy and make exercise a regular part of your lifestyle for optimal digestive health.

Evaluate Medications

Some medications can contribute to constipation and the formation of Type 2 stool. If you suspect your medications are affecting your bowel movements, consult with your healthcare provider for potential adjustments or alternatives.

Even More Example Images of Type 2 Stool

Hover over with a mouse or tap with your finger on the image to un-blur it.


Type 2 stool, characterized by a sausage-shaped appearance with lumps, indicates a mild case of constipation. Insufficient fiber intake, dehydration, and slow transit time can contribute to the formation of Type 2 stool.

By understanding its characteristics and potential causes, you can take proactive steps to improve your bowel movements and promote digestive health. Remember, if you have persistent or concerning changes in your stool, it is always advisable to consult with a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and guidance.

If you suspect a food intolerance causing constipation and you experience bloating/distention, learn more about different types of food intolerance here.

All the stool pictures featured on this website have been generously provided by participants in our IBS Dietitian programs. We extend our heartfelt gratitude to each and every client who has granted us permission to utilize their stool pictures, contributing to the development of this informative and educational platform. thank all of our clients for granting us permission to use their stool picture to create this educational website.


American College of Gastroenterology. (2021). ACG clinical guideline: management of irritable bowel syndrome. The American Journal of Gastroenterology, 116(1), 17-44. doi: 10.14309/ajg.0000000000001001

American College of Gastroenterology. (2020). ACG Clinical Guideline: Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth. The American Journal of Gastroenterology, 115(2), 165-178. doi:10.14309/ajg.0000000000000501

Mayo Clinic. (2022). Stool Colors: What They Mean. Retrieved from

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (2017). Gas in the Digestive Tract. Retrieved from

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